Guangzhou Symphony Orchestra
Since its founding in 1957, the Guangzhou Symphony Orchestra (GSO) has developed into one of China’s most artistically superb and vibrant orchestral institutions. It is the first and only Chinese symphony orchestra to have toured and performed on five continents, receiving acclaim as “one of China’s most prestigious music ensembles” (China Daily) and “China’s nexus of musical tradition and innovation” (Financial Times of London).
Currently the Chairman of the China Musicians Association’s League of China Orchestras, GSO Music Director Long Yu is active on the international front, hailed by the New York Times as “the most powerful figure in China’s Western classical music scene.” Maestro Yu first conducted the GSO in November 1994, later taking the helm as Music Director in May 2003, maintaining a close collaboration for more than a quarter-century. He currently serves as Chairman of the Artistic Committee of the Beijing Music Festival, Artistic Director of the China Philharmonic Orchestra, Music Director of the Shanghai Symphony Orchestra, Co-Director of the MISA Shanghai Summer Festival and Principal Guest Conductor of the Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra.
The GSO is also one of the first orchestras in China to institute a professional concert season, and 2021/2022 marks its 25th season. In July 1997, the GSO marked an important milestone, having restructured its organization. Beginning in May 1998, the orchestra introduced its first full “music season.” In October 1998, the orchestra received rave reviews and was lauded as a “shining star” at the inaugural Beijing Music Festival for its performance in the opera La Bohème. “It is heartening to see the GSO’s meteoric rise as an artistic force in southern China, joining the ranks of other distinguished orchestras in the country’s mainstream,” one Beijing critic reported. For many years, the GSO returned to the BMF annually.
The GSO has sustained long-term relationships with numerous renowned musicians at home and abroad, establishing a wide international network among the world’s music circles. In past seasons, the GSO has regularly invited the most accomplished conductors, soloists and singers to collaborate in repertoire ranging from Baroque to modern, creating valuable training opportunities for the orchestra’s musicians to improve their craft and for the orchestra to garner recognition. “It was the best sound I ever heard from among Chinese orchestras,” the late Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki once remarked after attending a GSO concert. In 2004, international artist agencies began to engage the GSO for international touring and large-scale cultural projects, bringing the orchestra and its reputation to even farther shores.
Beginning in 2000, the GSO was sent on numerous tours by the Ministry of Culture and the Guangdong Provincial Government, visiting Austria, Germany, the United Kingdom, France, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Egypt, Australia, New Zealand, the United States of America, Belgium, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Japan, South Korea, Thailand and Singapore, among others. The GSO has graced the stages of the Goldenensaal of Vienna’s Musikverein, the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées in Paris, Amsterdam’s Concertgebouw, the Cairo Opera House, the Sydney Opera House, New York’s Carnegie Hall, Boston’s Symphony Hall, Washington’s Kennedy Center, the Berlin Konzerthaus, Venice’s Teatro La Fenice, Florence’s Teatro Verdi, the Lucerne Culture and Convention Centre, Tokyo’s Opera City Concert Hall, Singapore’s Esplanade-Theatres on the Bay, the Tonhalle Zürich, Geneva’s Victoria Hall, London’s Cadogan Hall, Manchester’s Bridgewater Hall and the Birmingham Symphony Hall, among other world-famous venues. In 2006, the GSO was invited to perform in both the opening and closing ceremonies of the 15th Asian Games in Doha, Qatar. The orchestra has also appeared more than 20 times at the Hong Kong Arts Festival, Macao Arts Festival and Macao International Music Festival. In October 2012, the GSO made its Taiwan debut during the Guangdong City Cultural Week at the Cross-Straits City Arts Festival, with concerts in Taipei’s National Theater and Concert Hall and Taichung’s Chung Hsing Hall. In September 2014, on the occasion of the NSW-Guangdong Sister-State 35th Anniversary, the GSO performed two concerts in Sydney’s City Recital Hall, Angel Place, and Canberra’s Llewellyn Hall. In January 2015, at the invitation of Migros Kulturprozent Classics, the GSO made its fifth Europe tour, performing in Zurich, Geneva, Bern and St. Gallen. The GSO made its sixth European tour in 2017, visiting London, Manchester and Birmingham on the occasion of the 45th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the United Kingdom, where it was headlined in The Guardian as a “highly accomplished band.” In January 2019, the GSO was invited to take part in the “Winter in Tantora” Festival, becoming the first Chinese orchestra to perform in Saudi Arabia. Later that month, the GSO embarked on its seventh European tour. The orchestra not only fulfills its role as cultural ambassador abroad, but also promotes meaningful exchange within the Pearl River Delta region and across the Taiwan Straits.
The GSO has also diversified its mission and programs in the past decade. Between 2005 and 2007, the orchestra organized the Canton International Summer Music Academy with Maestro Charles Dutoit as music director, inviting such distinguished artists as Martha Argerich, Gary Graffman and Claus Peter Flor as well as more than 20 principals from world-renowned orchestras as tutors, attracting young musicians from all over Asia. The GSO hosted the Canton Asian Music Festival, held at the Xinghai Concert Hall, in November 2010 on the occasion of the 16th Asian Games, featuring six renowned Asian orchestras and 17 distinguished Asian musicians including Yo-Yo Ma, Lang Lang, Myung-Whun Chung, Tan Dun, Cho-Liang Lin, Midori, Jian Wang and Sarah Chang. The GSO has also collaborated with the world’s leading ballet and opera companies, appearing both in the pit and the concert stage. The orchestra regularly commissions new works from prominent composers in China and abroad—including Krzysztof Penderecki—fostering China’s development in symphonic music. In addition, the GSO also presents chamber music, education, pops, outdoor and festival concerts every season. In December 2011, the GSO established its affiliate youth orchestra, later renamed the Guangzhou Symphony Youth Orchestra (August 2016), the first amateur youth orchestra administered by a professional orchestra in China. More recently, with GSO Music Director Long Yu leading its Artistic Committee and Yo-Yo Ma as Artistic Director, Youth Music Culture Guangdong (YMCG) was held annually for five years. At its inauguration in January 2017, the event immediately garnered acclaim for “opening a new page in the Chinese symphonic world.” All of these programs reflect the orchestra’s overall strategy in all-round development.
In 2009, the GSO moved its headquarters to Ersha Island along the Pearl River. This new facility, equipped with the most up-to-date technology, has provided the orchestra with superb amenities and the means to advance both artistically and institutionally. While adhering to its own heritage, the Guangzhou Symphony Orchestra continues to forge ahead, always keeping pace with the times, exploring constructive paths for the development in China’s symphonic world.
Note: The GSO launched its inaugural performance season in May 1998, each extending to the following March, which continued for five seasons. The sixth season was unique, lasting between March and August of 2003 as a transitional period to adjust its schedule. Beginning with the seventh season, the GSO season extended from September to the following July.